Diabetic Coma

diabetic coma

Diabetic coma or diabetic shock is a form of coma, which can) be life-threatening for those who have diabetes. It causes unconsciousness and you can’t respond to the environment. It occurs to those who suffer from low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). You must consult a physician if you have a diabetic coma.

What Are the Symptoms of Diabetic Coma?

Many causes lead to a diabetic coma. Here are the symptoms

 Low Blood Sugar-Hypoglycemia

  • Fatigue
  • Stomach ache
  • Vomiting and Nausea
  • Frequent Sickness
  • Feeling tired
  • Weakness
  • Struggles while communicating
  • Anxiety
  • Sweating
  • Fast breathing
  • Light-headedness

High Blood Sugar- Hyperglycemia

  • Rapid Heartbeat
  • Dry Mouth
  • Walking unsteadily
  • The fruity smell in the mouth.
  • Weak pulse
  • Excessive thirst
  • Drowsiness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Feeling hunger
  • Shortness of breath

How to Treat Diabetic Coma

A diabetic patient can recover from this coma. It depends on the treatment type. Treating hyperglycemia needs intravenous fluids to increase fluid levels in the body. It also provides insulin to help cells consume excess spreading glucose. 

If your body requires sodium, potassium or phosphate, you have to take supplements to get yourself to a healthy stage. It is the same treatment as DKA.

Recovery

If your sugar glucose level is normal you feel better quickly. If you find any symptoms of diabetic shock, promptly visit the diabetic doctor. A severe diabetic coma has a great chance to make a person unconscious for several hours. It causes damage to your brain and could result in death. You must take medication for a severe diabetic shock to recover completely.

You should wear a medical identification bracelet that ensures the diabetic level and helps to get the proper treatment on time. Consulting with your doctor is mandatory if you face this type of coma without having any clue that you have diabetes too.

Prevention

  • Monitor your sugar level especially when you are sick.
  • You must maintain the glucose level in the body. For that, you should take tests like blood sugar tests and ketones as per Physician recommendations.
  • Keep an eye on your carbohydrate intake. Consult a dietician for a proper diet plan.
  • You should be aware of what will happen if you fail to take insulin or other medication as prescribed. It promotes the symptoms of both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia.
  • It seems like an unusual case, but you must learn everything about the cause and symptoms of a diabetic shock to prevent it in a better manner.

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