Fibromyalgia is a condition in which the individual will experience pain throughout the body that most likely impacts the brain and the nervous system’s ability to process pain and sensations. It is not an autoimmune disorder but can exist along with an autoimmune condition. The condition can follow after surgery, trauma, or after psychological strain. When the body undergoes any pain, physically or mentally, that can be a triggering point, and fibromyalgia can be triggered without such occurrences, as well. 

In women

The condition is more likely to affect women more than men. The hormonal changes and the fluctuations in the woman’s body during pregnancy, menstruation, and menopause can be the trigger points. The way a woman’s body responds to stress can also be a reason for affecting the women’s population. 

Fibromyalgia causes

The primary cause of the condition is the frequent signals sent from the brain. The receptors in the brain also capture the signals and sensitize them to pain. The neurological activity can be a result of:

  • Genetics

The individual might have inherited it from their parents or the previous generation. The genetic mutation might also lead to the development of the condition. 

  • Physical or mental triggers

When an individual undergoes physical or mental strains, that can have an extended effect on the way the neurons send messages. 

  • Inflammation

Infections and inflammations in the body can lead to triggers for the messages sent by the brain. Such circumstances can either create or aggravate the existing conditions. 

Fibromyalgia symptoms in females

  • Pain
    Pain is evident in this condition, which can occur throughout the body. It can be more severe in certain areas, such as the neck and back. The pain will persist, even for months in some cases.
  • Memory
    The condition causes alterations in the way the brain processes pain, and neurological modifications can have an impact on the way the brain captures memories, as well.
  • Fatigue
    There can be a slight sense of fatigue or severe exhaustion. Fatigue is not always the result of any type of energy-consuming physical activity. The person won’t be able to do anything due to being exhausted.
  • Cognitive issues
    Fibromyalgia is associated with fibro fog, where the individual may have difficulty focusing, comprehending, and communicating. There will be a lack of alertness and an ability to concentrate.
  • Mood
    The observed symptoms of fibromyalgia are depression and anxiety. The individual may find it difficult to process and regulate emotions, along with having low self-esteem.
  • Disturbed sleep pattern
    The disturbed signals sent from the brain to the nervous system result in a disturbed sleep pattern. The pain that the person experiences can also lead to disturbances while sleeping.

Fibromyalgia diagnosis

When examining a person for fibromyalgia, the physician will look for areas in the upper region of the body and the lower part, on both the right and left sides, along with the axial region, to understand the areas where the person experiences pain. The doctor might also want to run a few tests to confirm the condition. These tests include:

  • Thyroid tests
  • Blood profile
  • Rheumatoid factor
  • Vitamin D
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  • Anti-nuclear antibody

Fibromyalgia treatments

Since fibromyalgia is associated with several symptoms, medications and therapies can work hand in hand to treat the condition. 


Medications to deal with the condition, like painkillers, can help maintain the pain and control the situation. Antidepressants can also help, as the condition is associated with depression and anxiety. The nerves will be calmed down with the supplements, providing a better state of mind and sleep. 


Physical therapies can help with the bodily state of the individual by easing pain and discomfort. These therapies will move the joints and nerves to strengthen and become flexible. Counseling therapies are also an option to deal with mental health along with physical health, as balancing both inside and out is essential for fibromyalgia treatment.

This blog hopes to bring awareness among people and is not a substitute for a doctor. Please visit a doctor immediately if you have any symptoms of fibromyalgia.